Philodendron is a genus of plants with the scientific name Araceae. Its wide popularity is due to its easy-to-maintain nature.
The Philodendron varieties require low maintenance but have a stunning appearance of their unique leaves and delicate flowers.
Currently, there are more than 480 recognized philodendrons.
Some are vines and can decorate an entire wall; others grow upright and can easily become mini indoor plants.
Philodendron is native to the rainforests of South America and is one of the most popular indoor flowering plants.
The main features of the genus Philodendron are large leaves and long terrestrial roots. However, that’s not all; they also have underground roots.
Because Philodendrons belong to a class of plants known as aroids, they can thrive outdoors in warm climates and indoors as indoor houseplants.
It is this versatility that makes them so popular among bonsai beginners as well as botanists.
Besides being very adaptable, Philodendron is known for its ability to filter air pollutants.
Its large leaves are air purifiers, collecting pollutant particles and releasing fresh, clean oxygen.
In addition, Philodendron is a hardy plant that can grow up to 3 meters, provided it receives bright indirect light.
However, you will need to check the requirements for the particular type of Philodendron you are caring for, as some philodendrons prefer low light.
As long as the potting soil is light soil with added organic matter, it is a good soil mix for this houseplant.
One thing to note is that you must be careful when watering your Philodendron.
Soil and pots need good drainage. Watering should only be done with room temperature water – cold water can surprise the plant as it is quite sensitive to temperature.
Philodendron is also a very easy plant to propagate. Cutting the stalk below the leaf node and submerging it in water will produce new roots in a few days.
Important to note: philodendrons are considered toxic to pets and can cause skin irritation during pruning or handling.
Let’s take a look at the list of 12 Philodendron species that we selected based on the criteria of beauty, ease of maintenance, popularity, and interest of many people.
- Popular Philodendron Types and Breeds:
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Popular Philodendron Types and Breeds:
1. Philodendron hederaceum
Other names: Philodendron scandens, Philodendron Heartleaf; Dear Philodendron
Native plants: the Caribbean and South Africa (South America)
Philodendron Hieracium is one of the most common Philodendrons in the Philodendron genus.
Easy to grow, green leaves grow very fast, making it easy to become one of the best Philodendrons for beginners to keep.
As the name suggests, it has glossy green heart-shaped leaves, which are the uniqueness of all types of plants that are worthy of admiration.
This type of Philodendron can crawl or climb up to four feet (120cm).
If your Heartleaf is growing too long, you’ll need to use your fingers or clean, sharp scissors to gently press the stem into an “open wound” to stimulate new root and shoot growth at the wound site and make the tree bushier.
2. Philodendron erubescens
Other Names: Philodendron Pink Princess, Philodendron Blushing, Philodendron Red-leaf
Origin: Costa Rica, a rainforest in South America (South America)
The Pink Princess or Blushing Philodendron is a beautiful and exotic philodendron. As a houseplant, it can climb up to 5 feet (150cm).
It is deep black or dark green with a pink hue.
The pink leaves lack chlorophyll and are important for maintaining color balance when the plant is exposed to only indirect light.
In the wild, its long, red leaves are striking and cover the exterior.
A wonder of nature, we recommend this plant to those who want a vibrant indoor bonsai for the office or home.
3. Philodendron bipinnatifidum
Other Names: Philodendron selloum, Philodendron Hope Plant, Philodendron Lacey Tree,
Origin: South Africa (South America)
It is a non-climbing tropical plant grown as a base crop in temperate climates.
Its impressive leaves are large, with many deep lobes. Leaves point toward the light, so rotate the plant frequently and avoid direct sunlight to keep the leaves balanced and fit.
You will need plenty of room to display this plant as it can grow to a foliage width of up to 150cm (5 feet!)
4. Philodendron xanadu
Other names: Philodendron Winterbourne
Xanadu philodendron is a large, neat houseplant that can have leaves that are wider than they are tall.
It is an erect philodendron with lobed, green leaves resembling P. selloum.
5. Brazilian Philodendron
Other Names: Philodendron Cream Splash, Philodendron Silver Stripe, Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brazil.’
Origin: Tropical climate
This Philodendron is a cultivar of the genus Heartleaf (heart leaf).
The green, heart-shaped leaves are arranged with a white, cream, or chalky band in the center of the leaf.
The stems can also be pink, which adds to the beauty of the plant.
While it works best in bright or moderate light, it can survive in low light, but the colors won’t attract attention.
This philodendron variety is a fast-growing climbing plant.
6. Philodendron Micans
Other names: Philodendron velvet leaf
Origin: Mexico, Caribbean, Southern United States
Philodendron of the Micans family is a creeping vine with heart-shaped leaves with a velvety texture. Bronze green leaves with rusty undersides stand out.
This plant can grow up to 6 feet (180cm) long, so it’s best to keep it in a large, well-ventilated area.
Consider if you want to keep the plant in the shade, or in a dark room.
Also, read about how to plant and care for Philodendron Micans.
7. Philodendron rugosum
Other Names: Pigskin Philodendron, Philodendron Naugahyde
Rugosum Philodendron is a rare and exotic member of this genus, endemic to Ecuador.
This plant has classic heart-shaped leaves, but the leaves are thick and textured with a pattern.
Not all leaves have the same uniform shape.
Its rugged appearance and bright green color could be mistaken for a fake resin tree!
Rugosum can be grown as an ornamental but is hard to find; In fact, this Philodendron is in danger in the wild due to habitat loss.
8. Moonlight Philodendron
Origin: South America
This variety is a hybrid of the common Heartleaf Philodendron. It is especially beautiful even when planted in an outdoor or indoor garden with attractive neon green foliage.
This variety is a vine, not a vine, but can be grown as an indoor plant, adding a pop of color to your plant collection.
9. White Knight Philodendron
Origin: South America
Another beautiful Philodendron is the White Night Philodendron.
Like P. Pink Princess, this rare hybrid has white spots on green leaves and purple/beige stems.
It is a slow-growing vine, but if pruned every six months, it can become a bushy plant.
10. Philodendron hastatum
Other names: Philodendron Silver Sword, Philodendron glaucophyllum
This P. Silver sword-like Philodendron has elongated leaves that change from blue/grey to gray/green as they mature.
This plant is a creeper and grows better when pruned and pinched occasionally.
Also, read about how to grow and care for pothos.
11. Scindapsus pictus
Other Names: Silver Philodendron, Philodendron Silver Vine, Philodendron Satin Pothos, Silver Pothos
Origin: Southeast Asia (Southeast Asia)
This plant does not belong to the genus Philodendron, although it is often mistakenly called Philodendron (other names include the word Philodendron).
This plant is a species of plant in the genus Scindapsus.
Silver Philodendron or Silver Pothos are neither Philodendron nor Pothos, although their names might make us think so.
This plant is not a member of the genus Araceae, but the shape of the leaves and tendrils is very similar to that of the Philodendron.
P.Silver has dark green leaves with silver spots and can climb more than 6 meters indoors. Its maintenance needs are the same as the Philodendron.
12. Monstera deliciosa
Other Name: Swiss Cheese Factory
Origin: Mexico, Panama
This plant does not belong to the genus Philodendron but is very commonly known as Philodendron.
Although previously placed in the genus Philodendron, it was later transferred to the genus Monstera (genus monster).
Monstera is often confused with Philodendron bipinnatifidum, also known as Split-leaved Philodendron.
Both plants have split leaves and grow habits like ornamental plants.
But Monstera is not a philodendron; in its natural habitat is a fruit tree (hence the name “deliciosa”!).
However, it is important to know that the leaves, like plantain leaves, are slightly toxic.
There is some confusion between the Philodendron and its Pothos tree-like cousin.
Both have heart-shaped leaves, but the leaves of the Pothos tree are larger, 30 inches (75cm), compared to the Philodendron’s 12 inches (40cm).
In most species, the leaves of the Philodendron are glossy and dark green.
On the other hand, Pothos leaves have yellow accents, especially in bright light. These two plants make wonderful additions to any indoor garden!
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Before we finish this guide to the Philodendron, let’s answer some of the most frequently asked questions about this beautiful plant!
1. How many species of Philodendron are there?
Currently, experts agree that there are more than 480 types of philodendrons. It is difficult to grow them all as houseplants, as some prefer the outdoors, while others are very rare.
2. How do you recognize a Philodendron?
Some common traits of Philodendron include large leaves, long aerial roots, and parallel veins, but these are quite common and common in many other plants.
The physical characteristics of these plants may vary for the type of Philodendron, the environment in which they grow, and the plant’s maturity.
In addition to green leaves, you will also find pink, red, purple, or orange philodendron leaves. In addition, the shape, size, and texture of the leaves are also significantly different.
If you want to determine if a plant is a philodendron, use some of the best plant identification apps you can find on the market.
Many of them are free and very useful for beginner gardeners!
3. Can Philodendron thrive in an indoor environment?
It all depends on the type of Philodendron you decide to grow indoors.
Of course, the Philodendron is a fast-growing species in its natural tropical habitat.
However, it can reach considerable heights and vigor if you follow the philodendron care instructions carefully and meet all the plant’s needs in terms of indirect sunlight/shade, water, soil, temperature, etc.
4. Is Philodendron a good houseplant?
For the casual and experienced gardener, the Philodendron is an excellent houseplant to keep.
However, if you are a beginner, you should know that some Philodendrons require little maintenance and should not be included in the list of neglected houseplants.
Overwatering or lack of indirect sunlight (or too much direct sunlight) can cause plants to become damaged, weak, and die.
The Peace Lily is a philodendron that prefers low light conditions, but other species seem more attracted to their surroundings.
5. How often should Philodendron be watered?
If you’re new to this, take a quick look at our guide to the best plant watering times and schedules.
Once you’ve let the information seep into your mind, keep the following in mind when it comes to your Philodendron:
Watering needs will depend on the type of Philodendron you are growing;
Watch for signs: if the leaves turn yellow, you are watering the plant with a lack of water. If the leaves are brown, it is a sign of overwatering.
Water the Philodendron only when half or 1/3 of the topsoil is dry;
You should take your Philodendron out several times a week and make sure it’s not in direct sunlight (indirect sunlight is best, as low-light environments won’t help either).
We have grown philodendrons in gardens for years but did not know about the different varieties and hybrids. This plant is a great addition to both indoor and outdoor gardens.
Known for its ease of maintenance and ability to tolerate slight neglect, the Philodendron is a perfect choice.
One plant can multiply into many plants because it is easy to propagate and care for.