Recognize that your home is not a hotel filled with so many rooms and suites. Instead, it’s your own private space to rest, relax, unwind and feel comfortable in.
That being said, you should make every effort to transform your dwelling into a cozy haven where you can go to escape from the stressors of the outside world.
If you are looking for ways to add some personality, life, and warmth inside your home, indoor plants are just what you need. Plants bring nature into our homes and help us unwind after a long day at work or school.
Not only that, but they also purify the air by removing toxins and chemicals from it which is especially helpful if you live in an area with poor air quality such as New York City or somewhere else where smog is not uncommon like Los Angeles or Houston.
They also decrease noise pollution by neutralizing noise frequencies which makes them a perfect choice if you live in an apartment building or condo with noisy neighbors.
- 1. Aglaonema (Aglaonema sp.)
- 2. White Aglaonema (Aglaonema sitipon Hybrid)
- 3. Alpinia zerumbet ‘Variegata’
- 4. Anthurium broadleaf (Anthurium jemanii)
- 5. Broad-leaved bird’s nest anthurium (Anthurium hookeri)
- 6. Sinningia speciosa
- 7. Aralia Castor
- 8. Japanese bamboo (Dracaena godseffiana)
- 9. Belanceng (Dieffenbachia ‘Camila’)
- 10. Belanceng (Dieffenbachia ‘Exotica Perfection’)
- 11. Saintpaulia ionantha
- 12. White banyan (Ficus Benjamina ‘Variegata’)
- 13. Bromeliads (Vriesea Splendens)
- 14. Norfolk fir (Araucaria heterophylla)
- 15. Equisetum hyemale
- 16. Filo saw (Philodendron pinnatifidum)
- 17. Filo golden finger (Philodendron ‘Golden Finger’)
- 18. Filo metallic (Philodendron ‘Metalica’)
- 19. Filo Linette (Philodendron ‘Lynette’)
- 20. Filo peopigii (Philodendron peopigii)
- 21. Filo royal gueen (Philodendron ‘Royal Queen’)
- 22. Futoi
- 23. Little Hanjuang (Dracaena sanderiana)
- 24. Hanjuang red (Cordyline terminalis var. bicolor)
- 25. Kadaka anticum (Asplenium nidus var. anticum)
- 26. Australian kadaka (Asplenium nidus var. australia)
- 27. Kadaka osaka (Asplenium nidus ‘osaka’)
- 28. Nolina (Beausarnea recurvata)
- 29. Pachira/Money tree (Pachira aguatica or Pachira elastica)
- 30. Yellow palm (Chrysalidocarpus lutescend)
- 31. Bamboo palm (Chamaedorea erumpens)
- 32. Kool palm (Licuala grandis)
- 33. Phoenix palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
- 34. Metallic palm (Chamaedorea metalica)
- 35. Bananas (Calathea sp.)
- 36. Schefflera “Tropic Snow”
- 37. Japanese cycads (Cycas revoluta)
- 38. Spatifilum (Spathiphyllum sensation)
- 39. Spathipvllum ‘Mauna Loa’
- 40. Indian sugi (Pleomele reflexa ‘variegata’)
- 41. Syngonium
- 42. Walisongo (Schefflera dianne)
- 43. Zamia (Zamia pumila)
- Types of Indoor Plants Based on Light Needs
- Calculation of Light Needs for Indoor Plant Lights
- Types of Indoor Plants for Air-conditioned Rooms
- Refresh The Indoor Plants
1. Aglaonema (Aglaonema sp.)
This type of aglaonema looks exotic.
The leaves are green, while the younger leaves are lighter in color. The bones of the leaves are clear and slightly reddish-cream. Likewise, the leaf stalks are cream-colored, and slightly reddish.
Leaves 20-30 cm long and 10-12 cm wide.
Aglaonema is durable in the room for approximately one week.
This ornamental plant is suitable to be placed in a room that is not too wide, for example, the corner of the living room, dining room, or hallways.
2. White Aglaonema (Aglaonema sitipon Hybrid)
Aglaonema, alias Sri Rejeki, is the most popular ornamental plant in the interior of offices, restaurants, and hotels.
One type of aglaonema considered exclusive is the Aglaonema Sitiphoon Hybrid from Thailand.
The color of the stems and petioles is pure white. The color appears dominant, bursting on the sidelines of the leaves, which are generally wide.
The figure of this ornamental plant is sturdy and sturdy.
Its appearance is enchantingly graceful. This plant can flower, and the flower stalks and petals are white.
This plant lasts long to be displayed in low light and air-conditioned rooms.
3. Alpinia zerumbet ‘Variegata’
Ornamental plants from the ginger family are beautiful when planted in pots.
The leaves are large, with a length of between 30-40 cm and a width of 12-15 cm.
The leaves are yellowish-white, mottled with green, arranged alternately on slender, yellowish-white stems.
Because of its unique shape and color, this plant is suitable for indoor plants, even though it only lasts 3-4 days indoors.
This ornamental plant is more appropriate to be placed in a room that is not too closed or on the house’s terrace.
4. Anthurium broadleaf (Anthurium jemanii)
Anthurium broadleaf thick and stiff leaves. His figure was erect and grew wider at the top.
The color of the leaves is dark green with a glossy surface and slightly wavy at the edges.
The arrangement of the leaves is clustered but compact.
The growth of this ornamental plant is slow because until the age of 5 years, the leaves are only 50 cm long and 25 cm wide.
This anthurium is very sweet when displayed on the house’s terrace but also suitable to be placed indoors, whether air-conditioned or not.
Its appearance is unique and elegant, so it is often used as a display in executives’ office.
The impression is also sweet when placed in the front office room (front room) as a welcome guest.
This ornamental plant is resistant to display indoors between 1-2 weeks.
5. Broad-leaved bird’s nest anthurium (Anthurium hookeri)
The broad-leaved bird’s nest anthurium originates from Guyana, South America.
The leaves are short-stemmed, stiff, thick, wavy, and glossy dark green.
Leaf veins look very real, so it looks very artistic.
The growth of this well-built ornamental plant is relatively slow.
At the age of 5 years, the width of the leaves reaches 35 cm and a length of 50 cm.
The appearance of this type of anthurium is quite elegant and dignified, so it is very fitting if it is displayed in a large enough room.
Its durability in the room between 1-2 weeks.
6. Sinningia speciosa
This member of the Gesneriaceae family is popularly known as Gloxinia. Appropriately placed indoors because this plant does not like direct light and high humidity.
It needs a wet medium as long as it is not excessive, especially when it hits the leaves and flowers.
Propagation can be done by tubers, leaf cuttings, or by seeds. The growth medium must be loose with a composition of sand, compost, and soil in a ratio of 1:1:1.
7. Aralia Castor
This ornamental plant is beautiful. The leaves are fingered with five narrow leaflets.
Each leaflet is between 13-20 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide.
The leaves rest on a short stalk, only 2-3 cm. The arrangement of the leaves looks tight and compact.
This ornamental plant with many branches is suitable to be placed in the living room, family room, hallway, or lobby.
The durability of this ornamental plant in the room can reach one week.
8. Japanese bamboo (Dracaena godseffiana)
This type of Japanese bamboo is unique.
The leaves are oval with a length of about 10 cm and appear in pairs on the branches.
The leaf surface, full of yellow spots, is streaked with a longitudinal yellow line in the center of the leaf.
The primary color of the leaves is pale green.
Overall the shape of this ornamental plant looks artistic and beautiful.
This ornamental plant is very suitable to be planted in pots and placed in the corner of the room.
Noodle plants, including resistance in an air-conditioned room.
9. Belanceng (Dieffenbachia ‘Camila’)
Her figure is sturdy but graceful. The plant form is compact and grows upright.
The stems are pretty strong and support the beautiful leaves.
The leaves are oval and wide with a pointed tip.
The color of the leaves is bright yellowish white in the middle, while the edges are bright green.
This ornamental plant lasts indoors for up to one week. Its placement in the room is adjusted to the size of the plant.
10. Belanceng (Dieffenbachia ‘Exotica Perfection’)
This type of ornamental plant is also very suitable to be used as an indoor plant.
In addition to the nature of the plant that does not like too much light, the leaves of this ornamental plant also appear exotic and charming.
The leaves are bright green with creamy white spots on the upper surface and tightly arranged on the short stems.
The leaves are oval, pointed to a point between 20-30 cm long and 15-20 cm wide.
The placement of these ornamental plants in the room is adjusted to the size of the plant.
11. Saintpaulia ionantha
Known as Violces or African violets, they belong to the Gesneriaceae family, which loves to be indoors. Morning light is good for it as long as it’s not directly.
Provide enough water for media moisture consisting of a mixture of compost, sand, and soil in a ratio of 2:1:1.
Propagation can be done by petiole cuttings or by moving the saplings.
12. White banyan (Ficus Benjamina ‘Variegata’)
The new white banyan can be used as an indoor ornamental plant after being formed into a dwarf tree like a shrub or bonsai.
Its appearance will be more exclusive if the stem can be formed slightly circular, wrapped, or in other unique shapes.
Combining this plant with an antique pot makes the figure even more attractive.
The leaves of this plant are small. The color consists of a combination of glossy white with fresh green.
As an indoor plant, banyan is not very strong.
This plant is sensitive to excess water, dark rooms, and hot temperatures.
When displayed indoors, plants can be placed near corridors, doors, or windows.
13. Bromeliads (Vriesea Splendens)
This bromeliad family plant looks unique with the pattern on its leaves.
The leaves are shaped like swords and are arranged in a rosette on a very short stem.
The green leaves form a pattern of black-brown transverse stripes.
Bromeliads are attractive for indoor plants when placed on a work table, on a sideboard, or in the refrigerator.
This ornamental plant is also quite interesting to complement the indoor garden.
The durability of this ornamental plant in the room is between 1-2 weeks.
14. Norfolk fir (Araucaria heterophylla)
The arrangement of branches that trap in a horizontal position makes this plant its charm. Moreover, the leaves are tightly arranged.
The leaves are dark green, while the stems or branches are brown.
This spruce can stand on display indoors for a week or more.
As an indoor plant, Norfolk spruce is suitable to be placed in a large room, such as a lobby or hallway.
15. Equisetum hyemale
Plants of this type of ferns like sunlight.
However, this ornamental plant is also resistant to being used as an indoor plant as long as the water needs are always met.
This ornamental plant is more suitable to be placed in a room that is not too closed, and there is little light coming in, such as in the living room, family room, or terrace of the house.
This small ornamental plant is almost leafless.
The figure of the plant is straight and elongated; the height is between 1-15 m, segmented, and dark green.
The boundaries of the segments are brown.
16. Filo saw (Philodendron pinnatifidum)
Some ornamental plant hobbyists call this filo saw filo because the shape of the leaves has jagged edges like a saw.
The leaves are thick, long, lanceolate, and deeply slit.
The length of the leaves is between 30-40 cm, while the width is between 8-12 cm.
The petiole is 15-25 cm long and emerges from the short stem.
The long petiole seems to rest on a single axis.
Filo is suitable to be placed in the corner of the room, hallway, or lobby, depending on the size of the plant.
This ornamental plant can last about a week or even more if placed in an air-conditioned room.
17. Filo golden finger (Philodendron ‘Golden Finger’)
One feature that distinguishes this Filo from other Filo types is that all its leaves are light yellowish green.
The shape of the leaves is slit in like fingers, so the plant is nicknamed the golden finger.
Unlike other filo, this type has thin leaves and sometimes looks drooping.
The large leaves rest on large stalks and stems.
Filo is suitable to be placed in the corners of the room or hallway but not ideal if placed in places with too many people.
The reason is that the thin leaves are easily damaged if they are often touched.
The shelf life of this filo in the room ranges from 5-7 days.
18. Filo metallic (Philodendron ‘Metalica’)
This type of filo has silvery-grey green leaves and a smooth and glossy surface.
The shape is like a heart with sharp and slender edges.
The petiole is grey-green with a length between 35-55 cm.
If left unchecked, this filo will grow vines.
The figure of this ornamental plant will look even more beautiful if it is diligently trimmed and given the proper support.
This Filo is quite resistant to being displayed indoors, even in an air-conditioned room for up to a week.
19. Filo Linette (Philodendron ‘Lynette’)
This Filo looks beautiful in the study’s corner on a small table.
In addition, this ornamental plant also looks harmonious if placed in the hallways or near the door between rooms.
The leaves are long and dark green.
Leaf veins are visible. The length of the leaves is between 40-45 cm, and the width is between 7-10 cm.
The petiole is quite long, which is between 13-20 cm.
These petioles are compactly arranged on short stems in an upright or semi-erect position. This Filo lasts indoors between 5-7 days.
20. Filo peopigii (Philodendron peopigii)
This filo figure is big and strong. Plant height can reach 1.5 m or more.
The leaves are large heart-shaped, 50-70 cm long, and 30-35 cm wide.
The large leaves rest on a stalk between 45-55 cm long and 2-3 cm in diameter.
The position of the petiole is almost upright so that this plant looks dashing but elegant.
This Filo is very suitable to be placed in the lobby or a large room. In this filo room, it can last up to 7 days.
21. Filo royal gueen (Philodendron ‘Royal Queen’)
This filo looks fitting placed in the corners of the room when placed in the appropriate pot.
Plants grow vines so that to look good; this filo needs support.
The leaves are medium in size, heart-shaped, and dark green.
The petiole and stem are dark red, as are the young shoots.
As an indoor plant, this Filo lasts indoors for about a week.
This plant looks unique and is suitable as an indoor plant. The plant’s shape is long, straight like a bunch of sticks, and green.
The surface is smooth and pointed. Plant height can reach 2 m or more.
With an antique potted container, this ornamental plant fits perfectly in the corners of a room or hallway.
This ornamental plant should be placed in a room that is not too closed.
23. Little Hanjuang (Dracaena sanderiana)
This ornamental plant is very beautiful as an indoor plant.
The leaves are streaked with creamy white along the edges and are a sweet blend of green in the center.
The petiole and the sheath covering the stem are also creamy white.
Some of these Hanjuang stems can grow compactly in pots.
This type of Hanjuang lasts in an air-conditioned room which is between 5-7 days.
This ornamental plant is suitable to be placed in the corners of the room, near the table, hallway, or other places depending on the size of the plant.
24. Hanjuang red (Cordyline terminalis var. bicolor)
A Hanjuang is an herbaceous plant originating from Africa.
At first glance, it looks like a Drasena, so this plant is often considered a “deviant” Drasena.
The stems grow upright but can be twisted or coiled.
The leaves are long and wide and have a pointed tip. The arrangement of leaves in pairs or rosettes. The leaves are arranged in large pairs with a length of 30-40 cm and a width of 5-7.5 cm.
The color of the leaves is dark red, pink, green, yellow, and other variations.
Species exclusive to indoor plants are red-leaved and white-stemmed cultivars from breeding red-leaved Hawaiian cultivars.
This cultivar is known as the red Hanjuang.
Hanjuang is quite resistant to display indoors as long as the growing media is always kept moist.
The durability of this ornamental plant in the room is between 1-2 weeks.
25. Kadaka anticum (Asplenium nidus var. anticum)
This unique leafy Kadaka is rare because its propagation is rather difficult and takes a long time.
The overall figure of this plant looks compact with a rosette-shaped circular leaf arrangement.
The leaf surface is smooth, smooth, and flat-sided. The leaves are light green.
The length of the leaves can reach more than 100 cm, with a leaf width of about 15 cm.
This ornamental plant likes moist and shady conditions.
As an indoor plant, this plant is durable if displayed in an air-conditioned room.
26. Australian kadaka (Asplenium nidus var. australia)
Australian Kadaka there are straight-leaved, and some are cracked a mutation or “abnormality” of the straight-leaved.
The middle part of the leaf looks torn apart, but the tip remains intact.
In young leaves, the tear is present from the base to the tip of the leaf.
Leaves reach 100 cm long and 15 cm wide.
Like other types of Kadaka, the Australian Kadaka is also resistant to being placed in an air-conditioned room.
27. Kadaka osaka (Asplenium nidus ‘osaka’)
Kadaka Osaka has lanceolate-shaped leaves with pointed leaf tips.
The length of the leaves is between 60-70 cm and has a width of about 15 cm.
Its appearance is unique because the leaves are arranged in a compact rosette shape.
The base of the leaves rests on a growing point.
Kadaka Osaka is quite sweet on display in the room.
One thing to remember is that the planting medium must be kept moist.
28. Nolina (Beausarnea recurvata)
The appeal of Nolina as an exclusive indoor plant lies in its distinctive figure. The base of the stem swells, and the ribbon-like leaves grow upward with drooping ends.
The drooping leaves’ ends are curled like a horse’s tail. The leaves are long, narrow, smooth, and stiff.
Nolina is a plant resistant to water shortages and easily adapts to new environments, including in air-conditioned rooms.
Its durability in the room can be up to a month.
29. Pachira/Money tree (Pachira aguatica or Pachira elastica)
Pachira looks like a cassava or rubber plant if it grows singly.
Once assembled (braided), the plant has more value and looks very attractive.
The impression is artistic and beautiful to look at.
The leaves that make up the fingers are glossy green.
Pachira, as an indoor plant, can be presented in the form of single giant stems, braided stems, or “bonsai.”
Large, tall plants with single or braided stems grow in large pots.
The braids can be 2, 3, 5, or 7 sticks.
Large Pachira can be used to decorate the corner of the room, in the front room as a welcome guest, on the left or right side of the corridor, or placed near the entrance.
Plants that are small and shaped as “bonsai” are usually displayed on the table.
This ornamental plant can withstand an air-conditioned room for more than a week.
30. Yellow palm (Chrysalidocarpus lutescend)
Yellow palm can also be used indoors, especially for young plants.
Yellow palms grown in large pots look beautiful with their bright green leaves. The leaf stalk is green, while at the base, it is yellowish green.
This palm grows in clumps, so one pot can contain more than two plants.
As an indoor plant, the yellow palm is suitable to be placed in a quite spacious room, such as a lobby or hallway.
31. Bamboo palm (Chamaedorea erumpens)
This palm is like a shrub if it grows in clusters with its saplings.
The leaflets are wide and attached to the petiole, which is slightly reddish.
Leaflets are elongated and pointed at the ends.
Suitable for display in the corner of the room because it is not too big.
However, plants grown outdoors can reach up to 200 cm in height. Plant height between 80-100 cm.
32. Kool palm (Licuala grandis)
Kool palm leaves are round in shape. The leaf stalks are thorny.
This palm will be more exclusive if the nature of the leaves deviates, for example, becoming Variegata (striped) or curly.
As an indoor plant, this palm is quite resistant to being indoors for 1-2 weeks.
Usually, this palm is displayed in a fairly large room, placed on the side or edge of the room.
33. Phoenix palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
The phoenix palm is commonly grown in gardens, but many also use it as an indoor plant.
This palm is still suitable as an indoor plant up to a height of 1-1.5 m. When displayed indoors, phoenix palms last up to 7 days or more.
The leaves are dark green and dangling.
This palm leaf is composed of small, tightly packed, and compact leaflets.
This palm looks more exclusive if there are circles or arches on its slender trunk.
With this shape, the palm trunk can be small from the bottom and then big up to the top or a large trunk at the bottom and then taper up.
This palm is suitable to be placed in the corner of a room or other spacious place.
If it is placed in the corner of the room, you should choose a palm with a height of about 80 cm, while for a large room display, a palm with a height of about 150 cm can be chosen.
34. Metallic palm (Chamaedorea metalica)
Metallic palm is one of the exclusive types of indoor plants.
Her appearance looks elegant and quite alluring.
This type of palm is very slow growing.
The maximum height can only reach 100 cm. This palm plant looks stunning when it is 30-40 cm tall.
Moreover, the size of the crown and stem is no longer balanced.
The leaves are shaped like fish tails.
The color is dark green, slightly gray, and shiny when exposed to light reflections.
Its durability when displayed indoors is between 1-2 weeks.
35. Bananas (Calathea sp.)
This ornamental plant form is compact and grows low.
With beautiful leaves, this plant is suitable for decoration on a table, sideboard, or refrigerator.
The leaves are dark green with yellowish light green stripes, oval in shape, and pointed to a point.
Calathea is suitable to be placed indoors but not suitable to be placed in an air-conditioned room because the leaves will shrivel and curl.
36. Schefflera “Tropic Snow”
The leaves of this ornamental plant are fingered and consist of 7-9 leaflets.
The leaves are green with white spots with a smooth and glossy surface.
The length of the leaflets is between 3-5 cm, and the width is between 1.5-2 cm.
Schefflera has small petiole about 10 cm long. The leaves are compact and rather tightly arranged on the plant’s branches.
Its large figure allows this ornamental plant to fill a rather spacious room.
However, this ornamental plant can also be placed in the corner of the room near the work desk.
As an indoor plant, this Schefflera can be kept indoors for up to one week.
37. Japanese cycads (Cycas revoluta)
Japanese cycads are unique. It looks like a palm.
The stem is cylindrical and decorated with leaf stalks arranged in a spiral.
At the base of the stem sometimes grow saplings that add to its uniqueness.
The leaves are fin-shaped tightly, and the higher, the narrower the tip.
The leaflets are straight, elongated, pointed like thorns, and glossy green.
The exclusive type is the variegata-leaved cycad, which is yellowish-green stripes.
The growth of this ornamental plant is quite slow. It looks artistic when planted in the right pot, according to its shape and size.
Cycads planted in small pots look very sweet when used as table decorations, while those planted in large pots are used to decorate the room.
The appearance of this ornamental plant as a whole is impressively beautiful, elegant, and strong.
Its durability in the room between 2-4 weeks.
38. Spatifilum (Spathiphyllum sensation)
This plant looks sturdy and elegant when placed in the corner of the room.
The leaves are thick with a smooth and flat surface and are dark green.
The length of the leaves is between 40-50 cm, while the width is between 15-25 cm.
The leaves rest on a stalk 15-20 cm long and with a broad sheath.
The arrangement of the leaves looks compact and sturdy. This ornamental plant reaches a height of between 50-70 cm.
When placed indoors, this spathiphyllum can last up to 7 days.
As an indoor plant, it can be placed in the corner of the room, hallway, lobby, or other places that match the size of the plant.
39. Spathipvllum ‘Mauna Loa’
Spatifilum is widely used as an indoor plant.
Apart from being durable in the room, the shape of this ornamental plant looks beautiful and compact.
This ornamental plant is medium in size because its height is 50-75 cm.
The length of the leaves ranges from 35-40 cm, and the width is about 20 cm.
The flowers are pure white with a length of 20 cm and a width of 14 cm.
This Spatifilum is suitable to be placed in the corners of the room with or without small table support, in the hallway, or in other suitable places.
If displayed indoors, this ornamental plant can only last for one week.
40. Indian sugi (Pleomele reflexa ‘variegata’)
This beautiful leafy plant dubbed the “Song of India” is often mistakenly called Drasena.
The origin of this ornamental plant is from India, so indoor plant fans in Indonesia nicknamed it Sugi India.
This plant is classified as difficult to propagate and has slow growth.
The leaves are ribbon-shaped with curved ends. Leaves 15-25 cm long and 3-5 cm wide.
It has green leaf color with creamy white borders.
The position of leaves is scattered around the stem in a small round shape.
Bundles of leaves form a crown like a curved ribbon.
If used as an indoor plant, Indian sugi require a growing medium that is always moist.
This ornamental plant gives the impression of being strong, beautiful, and attractive.
It lasts only one week indoors.
Syngonium is an introduced ornamental plant from Thailand.
This ornamental plant is petite, about 15 cm high.
The leaves are soft and light green. Leaf shape like a heart with a length of between 5-10 cm and a width of between 3-7 cm.
This plant looks beautiful on a study table, work desk, or sideboard.
This ornamental plant can last up to one week if displayed indoors.
42. Walisongo (Schefflera dianne)
This ornamental plant is classified as exclusive as an indoor plant because of its very special appearance.
When viewed from the bottom up, it looks like the tall, straight leaf stalks support the thick leaves.
The leaves are large, smooth green, and shiny. The leaves are compound, consisting of 4-12 leaflets.
However, on average, each leaf consists of 9 leaflets, so ornamental plant fans call it Walisongo in Indonesian.
Some call it umbrella tree, alias umbrella tree.
The arrangement of the leaflets forms a circle with the stalk’s tip as the center point.
This plant requires indirect sunlight.
The planting medium needs to be kept moist.
Its appearance as a room decorator is artistic and pleasing to the eye.
As an indoor plant, this plant is resistant to display indoors for one week.
43. Zamia (Zamia pumila)
This unique plant is beautiful when planted in a medium to a large pot.
It looks like a palm, so this ornamental plant is nicknamed Jamaica Palm.
The leaves in the form of compound leaves can reach a length of 50-100 cm.
The arrangement of the leaves is in the form of a rosette on a short stem. The compound leaves look beautifully curved, with the leaflets arranged face to face.
The leaves are thick and oval, with a length of 6-8 cm and a width of 4-5 cm.
This plant does not require large amounts of water, so watering is done once every three days.
This ornamental plant can be placed in an air-conditioned room for 2-4 weeks.
Types of Indoor Plants Based on Light Needs
Based on the need for light, indoor plants can be divided into groups, including shaded plants and semi-shady plants, which love light and need direct sunlight.
1. Low Light Indoor Plants
Types of plants that include shade plants (like shade) can be placed in a room where the light is not too bright but still clear enough to read the newspaper without lighting.
This plant can live well in a dark corner of a room or get light from 50-200 foot candles.
This group includes Aglaonema, Asplenium, philodendron, Scindapsus, and Fittonia.
2. Half-Light Indoor Plants
Types of plants that include semi-shady plants (light but no sun) can be placed in a room near a window facing north or south or some distance from a window facing east or west.
This group of plants includes Drasena, Maranta, Scindapsus, Philodendron, Hedera, Sansevieria, Zebrina, and Monstera.
3. Plants love light
Light-loving plants want a bright place but are not exposed to direct sunlight.
Indoors, this indoor plant is usually placed near a window or on a window sill facing east or west.
This group of plants includes Anthurium, azalea, begonia, Chlorophyum, Dieffenbachia, Peperomia, Schleffera, Spatiphylum, Saint Paulia, Scindapsus, Ficus, Cordyline, and Sansevieria.
4. Plants need direct sunlight
Types of plants that need light are plants that require a minimum of 1-2 hours of direct sunlight every day or get 200-400 foot candles of light.
A suitable display area is a window sill facing east or west.
However, the best place is a window facing east because the morning sun is best for plant growth.
This group of plants includes Bougainvillea, Cordyline, Plumbago, Poinsettia, Zebrina, Coleus, Banyan, Kalanchoe, Ginura, Senecio, Hemigraphis, and Anthurium.
The light needed by ornamental plants can be obtained from incandescent lamps.
The amount of light obtained depends on the power of the incandescent lamp and the distance between the lamp and the plant.
Calculation of Light Needs for Indoor Plant Lights
For example, a 75-watt incandescent bulb 60 cm from a plant can light 60-foot candles. One 150-watt incandescent bulb 90 cm away from the plant provides 60-foot candles of light.
One 40-watt fluorescent tube 60 cm from the plant can give 75-foot candles, while two 40-watt neon tubes 60 cm from the plant can give 100-150 foot candles.
Four 40-watt neon tubes with a distance of 60 cm can give 300-400 foot candles, or if they are 150-180 cm apart can give 40-60 foot candles.
Types of Indoor Plants for Air-conditioned Rooms
In addition to the grouping of the four things above, there is also a group of indoor plants resistant to dry and air-conditioned rooms.
Plants classified as liking a dry and bright room are Aechmea, Agave, Ficus, Sanseviera, Vriesia, Cactus, and Succulents.
Plants like air-conditioned rooms are Palm, Cypress, Ivory betel, Banyan, Drasena, and Rubber.
In practice, the need for light does not always have to be exact because some plants can adapt to live in places full of light, semi-light, or shade.
Refresh The Indoor Plants
Plants in a closed room need to be brought outside to get fresh air and sunlight.
The types of indoor plants that like full light and fresh air can be removed once a week and for a week or more outdoors, while other plants can replace the space in the room.
The indoor plants that do not like the sun and can stand in a closed room should also be removed every 2-4 weeks. For 2-4 weeks, the plants are placed outdoors in shaded places or under the shade of trees to get fresh air.
Plants placed in air-conditioned rooms often appear dry, and the color changes from green to brown.
To prevent this, the plant that languishes is placed outside in an air-conditioned area or a shady garden for 3 weeks.
Once the condition is healthy, the plant can be placed again in an air-conditioned room for a week.
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