4 Types of Dragon Fruit Plants that Have Good Prospects to Grow

Four types of dragon fruit plants have been cultivated and have good prospects. The four types are as follows.

1. Hylocereus undatus

Hylocereus undatus

Hylocereus undatus, more popular as white pitaya, is a dragon fruit with red skin and white flesh.

The red color of this fruit is in stark contrast to the color of the fruit’s flesh. On the skin of the fruit, there are scales or green tassels.

Inside the fruit, there are many black seeds.

The average fruit weight is 400-500 g, and some can even reach 650 g. The taste of the fruit is sour mixed with sweet.

Compared to other types, the level of sweetness is relatively low, around 10-13 brix.

The stem of the plant is dark green. The ideal growing area is less than 400 m above sea level.

If the planting is done at an altitude above 400 m above sea level, the productivity tends to decrease to around 25% because more shoots will appear than flowers.

This plant is more widely developed in major dragon fruit-producing countries than other types because the fruit tends to be exported more.

2. Hylocereus polyrhizus

Hylocereus polyrhizus

Hylocereus polyrhizus, more widely developed in China and Australia, has fruit with purplish-red skin.

The skin has scales or green tufts.

The taste of the fruit is sweeter than Hylocereus undatus, and the sweetness level reaches 13-15 brix.

The plant is more robust than Hylocereus undatus. The spines on the trunk and branches are more closely spaced.

This plant is classified as a very active in flowering and even tends to flower throughout the year.

Unfortunately, the success rate of flowers into fruit is very low, only reaching 50%, so the fruit’s productivity is relatively low.

Even this type is a type of plant whose fruit is only small. The average fruit weight is only about 400 g.

Ideal planting location at low to medium elevation.

3. Hylocereus costaricensis

Hylocereus costaricensis

At first glance, the fruit of Hylocereus costaricensis is similar to the fruit of Hylocereus polyrhizus.

However, the color of the flesh and fruit is redder. That is why this plant is called a super red fleshy dragon fruit.

The trunk is larger than Hylocereus polyrhizus.

The trunk and branches will be striped when they are old. The weight of the fruit is about 400-500 grams.

It tastes sweet, with sweetness levels reaching 13-15 brix.

The plant is very fond of areas with low to medium altitudes.

Also, read about how to grow dragon fruit cuttings in a pot.

4. Selenicereus megalanthus

Selenicereus megalanthus

Selenicereus megalanthus looks different from other types of members of the genus Hylocereus.

The fruit’s skin is yellow, and without scales, so it tends to be smoother.

Even without scales, the skin of the fruit still displays bumps.

The taste of the fruit is much sweeter than other dragon fruit because it has a sweetness level of 15-18 brix.

Unfortunately, this fruit, dubbed the yellow pitaya, is less popular than other types.

This is most likely caused by the relatively small fruit weight, only around 80-100 grams/fruit.

The plant is unlike Hylocereus because it appears smaller with a bright green color.

The growth of this plant will be optimal if it is planted in a cooler area with an altitude of more than 800 m above sea level.

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